CompactWood® can be cut, drilled and machined with standard woodworking equipment fitted with tungsten carbide edges. Surface mounted objects should be secured using self- tapping screws in pre-drilled holes. Screws into the edges should be avoided.
Metal brackets are recommended for securing the panels together. Mitering of edges should be avoided as they are vulnerable to damage.
Standard tools for hardwood can be used for machining or processing such as sawing, drilling and routing. Panels will present a distinctive brown edge.
CompactWood® is a wood based product and it’s movement is influenced by humidity absorption.
Similar to other thick phenolic laminates
During transport it is essential to use pallets of sufficient size to support the whole of the panel area. Pallets must be strong and stable enough to support their load without bending or buckling. When transporting stacks of panels with mechanical handling vehicles, pallets of adequate size and rigidity should be used.
The surface of each panel must be free from debris, grit or foreign bodies, as they can become embedded under the weight of the stack resulting in damage to the surface. Stacked panels must be made secure against slipping.
When loading and unloading, panels should be lifted, not slid. Abrasion between decorative faces should be avoided.
CompactWood is a heavy material and therefore care should be taken in handling this product. Mechanical handling is recommended for panels with a thickness exceeding 3/8" (10 mm).
CompactWood® should be stored in enclosed warehouses where normal interior conditions (18-25°C and 50-60% relative humidity) are maintained.
CompactWood will remain flat if stored horizontally in packs on a flat base board. Insure the edges of each sheet in a pack or stack are flush with one another.
The base board must be dry and it should be covered with a material impervious to water, to act as a moisture barrier. The top sheet of each stack should also be covered with a moisture barrier/cover board, with sufficient weight to remain flat and in contact with the whole surface area of the top sheet of CompactWood. This procedure should be maintained throughout their storage (whether in a warehouse or on the fabrication shop floor) and reinstated whenever a sheet is removed from the stack.
If Compact sheets are not stored flat for any length of time, deformation can result which will be almost impossible to rectify, particularly with thicker boards. When materials are brought into a workshop from temperatures or humidity levels different from ambient (e.g. after delivery), they should be allowed to stabilize before fabrication. Usually a minimum of seven days is required.
As with all high-pressure decorative laminates, CompactWood® undergoes a certain amount of dimensional movement when subjected to changes in humidity. To minimize the risk of warpage occurring as a result of this movement, the following points must be observed:
In new buildings, or where excessive moisture conditions are present or high temperatures will
occur, it is recommended that, prior to fixing compact laminates, a process of pre-conditioning
be carried out to ensure the panels reach an equilibrium within the site conditions.
This can usually be achieved by laying the compact panels on a pallet, neatly and flat, using
carefully aligned spacer sticks (20 x 20 mm) between the panels at 12" (300 mm) centerss across the
full area of the panels, in the area where they are to be used for a minimum of 7 days prior to installation.
CompactWood imposes greater demands on cutting tools and causes greater wear than traditional wood vneered substrates. Slower feed-speeds than those generally used for cutting laminate faced composite boards are required. The degree of feed speed reduction will depend on the thickness of the laminate and the quality of finish required. Tool manufacturers should be consulted as to the type and quality of tungsten carbide tipping (TCT) to provide the best performance. Where long production runs are contemplated and where a high quality finish is required, it is worth considering PCD (Polycrystalline Diamond) tooling. In all machine processes, localized heating caused by poorly maintained saws and cutters must be avoided.
Panels should be cut with the long edge parallel to the length of the sheet. Dimensional movement across the width of the sheet is twice as great as it is along the length, so cutting panels with the long dimension running across the width of the sheet will greatly increase the risk of bowing. It is recommended that Compact panels be cut along the length of the panel whenever possible.
It is not necessary to apply edging strips to CompactWood and for many applications clean sawn edges are sufficient. A spindle moulder or router may be used to achieve a superior finish or a profiled edge. Although it is not possible to achieve complete freedom from cutter marks, they can be minimised by feeding the work at a constant controlled speed by the use of a mechanical power feed. Care should be taken to avoid pausing during cutting and profiling, as burn marks may result which are difficult to remove. Where it is desirable for edges to be completely free from cutter marks, a further sanding and scraping operation is necessary. Edges may be further enhanced by buffing with steel wool and applying silicone-free oil. Chamfering or profiling the edges of CompactWood® panels will reduce the risk of edge impact damage.
There are various CNC cutters that work well when cutting CompactWood® panels. TCT (Tungsten Carbide Tipped) will give similar results to PCD (Polycrystalline Diamond Tipped) cutters, but with a shorter life span of the cutter.
Before any CNC operations are carried out on CompactWood, it is important to remove the protective film from the surfaces. The film may decrease the suction power of the CNC bed which could cause the laminate to move while a CNC program is running. The following are recommended feed speeds depending on the expected quality of the cut:
18000 RPM with a speed rate of 60"/minute will deliver good quality edges
18000 RPM with a speed rate of 30"/minute will deliver very high quality edges
Saw blades normally used for cutting double sided composites are
generally suitable for cutting CompactWood®. Saws of less than 2mm in thickness are not recommended. Breakout on the underside of CompactWood sheets can be avoided by various methods:
- • By the use of a pre-scoring blade on the underside.
- • Using a base-board of plywood beneath the CompactWood® sheet.
- • Altering the exit angle of the saw blade by adjusting the height setting. The higher the saw blade the better the top cut and the worse the bottom cut and vice versa. The feed speed essentially governs the quality of the saw cut when sawing CompactWood® having two decorative faces. A speed of between 0.03 mm and 0.05 mm per saw tooth has been found to be the most successful.
Round off corners at cut-outs to avoid stress cracks or cracking. The recommended radius for all internal cut outs is 8-10 mm.
The most suitable drills for use on CompactWood® are those designed for
plastic sheet materials. These drills have a point angle of 60°- 80° instead of the
normal 120° for drilling metal.
To avoid breakout on the reverse side, the feed speed of the drilling head and
the pressure applied should be gradually reduced approaching the point of
breakthrough. Working on a firm underlay, such as plywood will also
reduce the risk of breakout. For blind boring into the face, the depth of the hole
should be such that at least 1.5mm of material remains between the bottom of
the hole and the other side of the sheet. TCT lip and spur drills will produce clean
flat-bottomed blind holes, with less risk of point penetration on the reverse side.
This will allow maximum depth of material to be used for fixings. CompactWood® sheets
less than 8 mm thick are not suitable for concealed fasteners.
When drilling parallel to the surface (edge drilling) at least 3 mm of material must remain on either side of the hole. Threaded holes can be produced using engineers’ screw cutting taps. Self-tapping screws or threaded brass inserts may also be used.